Apache Pig union example

posted on Nov 20th, 2016

Apache Pig

Apache Pig is a high-level platform for creating programs that run on Apache Hadoop. The language for this platform is called Pig Latin. Pig can execute its Hadoop jobs in MapReduce, Apache Tez, or Apache Spark. Pig Latin abstracts the programming from the Java MapReduce idiom into a notation which makes MapReduce programming high level, similar to that of SQL for RDBMSs. Pig Latin can be extended using User Defined Functions (UDFs) which the user can write in Java, Python, JavaScript, Ruby or Groovy and then call directly from the language.

Pre Requirements

1) A machine with Ubuntu 14.04 LTS operating system

2) Apache Hadoop 2.6.4 pre installed (How to install Hadoop on Ubuntu 14.04)

3) Apache Pig pre installed (How to install Pig on Ubuntu 14.04)

Pig Union example

The Union operator of Pig Latin is used to merge the content of two relations. To perform Union operation on two relations, their columns and domains must be identical.

Step 1 - Change the directory to /usr/local/pig/bin

$ cd /usr/local/pig/bin

Step 2 - Enter into grunt shell in MapReduce mode.

$ ./pig -x mapreduce

Step 3 - Create a student_data1.txt file.


Step 4 - Add these following lines to student_data1.txt file.


Step 5 - Create a student_data2.txt file.


Step 6 - Add these following lines to student_data2.txt file.


Step 7 - Copy student_data1.txt and student_data2.txt from local file system to HDFS. In my case, the student_data1.txt and student_data2.txt file are stored in /home/hduser/Desktop/PIG/ directory.

$ hdfs dfs -copyFromLocal /home/hduser/Desktop/PIG/student_data1.txt /user/hduser/pig/
$ hdfs dfs -copyFromLocal /home/hduser/Desktop/PIG/student_data2.txt /user/hduser/pig/

Step 8 - Load student_data1 data.

student1 = LOAD 'hdfs://localhost:9000/user/hduser/pig/student_data1.txt' USING
PigStorage(',') as (id:int, firstname:chararray, lastname:chararray,
phone:chararray, city:chararray);

Step 9 - Load student_data2 data.

student2 = LOAD 'hdfs://localhost:9000/user/hduser/pig/student_data2.txt' USING
PigStorage(',') as (id:int, firstname:chararray, lastname:chararray,
phone:chararray, city:chararray);

Step 10 - Union student_data1 and student_data2 data.

student = UNION student1, student2;

Dump student;

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Labels : Pig Installation   Pig Execution Mechanism   Pig GRUNT Shell Usage   Pig Load and Store Operations   Pig Diagnostic Operators   Pig Group Example   Pig Join Example   Pig Cross Example   Pig Split Example   Pig Filter Example   Pig Distinct Example   Pig Foreach Example   Pig OrderBy Example   Limit Example   Pig Eval Functions Example   Pig BagToString Example   Pig Concat Example   Pig Tokenize Example   Pig UDF's Java Example   Pig SCRIPT